Although it is a topic traditionally linked to the health of women, breast cancer also affects men. However, very few are aware that, although it is rare to develop, it is also a reality. Here I tell you more about breast cancer in men.
There is a lot of information about breast cancer to educate women about early detection. The symbol of the fight against breast cancer is the pink ribbon, and for that reason, this is an issue that seems exclusively feminine. However, I tell you that breast cancer also occurs in men. Why? For one simple reason: men also have breast tissue, although it has not developed.
In fact, the breast tissue of an adult man is quite similar to that of a girl before puberty. However, in girls it develops thanks to the action of female hormones, while in men, it remains the same.
Fortunately, although it is a reality, breast cancer in men is a condition that does not occur too often. According to the American Cancer Society , in 2009 about 2,300 cases of breast cancer were diagnosed in men, which is a low figure compared to the millions of cases that occur in women. According to studies in this regard, only 1 in 100 cases of breast cancer affects men, and only 10 men in a million will develop it.
Young men do not have a high risk of developing it. Breast cancer in men usually occurs in:
- That they are between 60 and 70 years old;
- That they were exposed to radiation,
- Who have a family history of breast cancer;
- Who have had an overgrowth of the breasts (gynecomastia)
- Having high levels of estrogen (the female hormone) as a result of cirrhosis and other conditions such as Klinefelter syndrome (which is also related to testicular cancer )
Symptoms of breast cancer in men include cysts , fluid secretion through the nipple and changes in the skin around it.
Because breast cancer is not very common in men, most of them, although at high risk of contracting it, ignore that it is a condition that can affect them.
A study conducted by researchers at the University of Colorado in Denver, revealed that almost 80% of men who are at high risk of developing breast cancer are not aware that they could have this cancer at some point. This gives an idea about the lack of information about breast cancer in the male population and is an incentive to promote education about it, also in men.
Taking advantage of the fact that it is the month of raising awareness about breast cancer, I also call on men: look at the risk factors and stay alert. Although it is not very frequent, it is also a reality.